#ESA #Europe #Earth #Spacejunk #space #US #satellites #rockets
ESA asked nations to release information regarding the hundreds of thousands of pieces of space junk in Earth orbit. Most of the nations such as the United States and European countries do not reveal information regarding their space programs and space crafts, fearing the revelation of strategic or military secrets.
There are more than 750,000 pieces of space junk that are bigger than 1 cm, most of which are traveling at speeds of up to 28,000 kph. This number is expected to grow to 1.2 million by 2030. Remaining fuel in defunct rocket parts can cause explosions. Every year there are around 250 explosions and collisions.
The presence of around 1.500 operational satellites in space, combined with the presence of International Space Station (ISS) makes it a tough situation for these billion dollar equipment.
However, in the recent years, nations have adopted strict guidelines to move out every spacecraft out of harm’s way within 25 years of ending it’s life.
The mission to Mars or Lunar base on moon won’t be much valuable if the space equipment are constantly bombarded with space junk. Nations should be held accountable for the satellite manufactured by them, and they should follow strict protocol to clear the area after the life of the equipment is over.